Volume 3 Issue 8
July, 1999


Plump,  juicy, early summer's jewels.....


Strawberry Shortcakes

Toasted Pecan Shortcake Biscuits

  • 3 C all flour
  • 2T sugar
  • 1t salt
  • 1T + 2t baking powder
  • 4oz veg shortening ( crisco) chilled
  • 3/4 C toasted pecans,  pulsed in processor
  • 1C buttermilk or milk cold
  • 2 t vanilla extract
Mix all together,  flour,  sugar,  salt,  baking powder
mix in shortening until very small lumps of shortening remail
Add the pecans
add the liquid without over mixing with your hands
roll out dough to 3/4 inch and cut to whatever shapes

Place abpout one inch apart on parchment lined baking sheet
Brush the dough with milk and bake in a 400 degree oven for 15/20 minutes

More Berries......

                     A red/purple, sweet and juicy Hawaiian berry resembling a large raspberry
                     eaten plain or made into jams and pies. 

                     The berries are about 1/2 inch long, oblong and slightly curved; when ripe, of
                     a fine, red colour and pleasantly acid. The Barberry is cultivated for the fruit,
                     which can be pickled and used for garnishing dishes. The ripe berries can
                     also be made into a jelly. Barberries were used as a sweetmeat, and in
                     sugarplums, or comfits. 


                                      Bilberry jams, jellies and conserves have been
                                      popular for centuries, but its healthful benefits first
                                      earned attention in the 1940's. British Royal Air
                                      Force pilots who munched on bread and bilberry
                                      jam before flying missions during the Second World
                                      War asserted that the fruit improved their vision,
                                      especially at night. Also called whortleberry. This
                     indigo-blue berry grows wild in Great Britain and other parts of Europe from
                     July to September. Bilberries are smaller and tarter than the related
                     American blueberry, and make delicious jams, syrups and tarts. 


                                      Blackberries are in season from May through
                                      August, and are purple/black. The largest wild
                                      berry, they are delicious eaten plain or made into
                                      jams, pies, cobblers, sauces, and wine.
                                      Blackberries contain more calcium and vitamin A
                                      than any other fruit. 


                                      Blueberries are blue-black (sometimes with a
                                      silvery cast), round, smooth berries of two growth
                                      types. High-bush blueberries can grow up to fifteen
                                      feet in height; low-bush are only about a foot high
                                      and grow in Canada and the northern United States.
                                      Cultivated blueberries are in season from the end of
                                      May to early October. Blueberries are used in
                     baked goods, jams, pies, pancakes, salads, and eaten plain. 


                                      In 1923, Rudolph Boysen, a horticulturalist, created
                                      this hybrid berry by crossing a raspberry,
                                      blackberry, and a loganberry. Boysenberries are
                                      shaped like a large raspberry, and have a purple-red
                                      hue and a sweet-tart flavor. 


                                      Found in northern climates like New England,
                                      Canada, and Scandinavia, the cloudberry looks like
                                      an amber-colored version of the raspberry to which
                                      it's related. Cloudberries are usually wild and
                                      therefore hard to find in markets. 

                     A small member of the cranberry family which grows wild in the mountains
                     of Scandinavia, Russia, Canada and Maine. The tart red berries are rarely
                     available fresh outside of these areas, but can be found as sauces or
                     preserves. It's often called the "mountain cranberry". 


                                      The name in French is Pommes de Pri, or "marsh
                                      apples" in Acadie, where they grow wild throughout
                                      the Maritime provinces. This native American fruit
                                      grows on a non-climbing vine. The berries have a
                                      smooth skin, are round and have inconspicuous
                                      seeds at the center of the fruit and surrounded by
                                      the tart pulp. The word cranberry comes from the
                     fact that the open flowers look like the head of a crane. Massachusetts is
                     the leading state in cranberry production, followed by Wisconsin, New
                     Jersey, Washington, and Oregon. There is significant production in Canada,
                     particularly in Nova Scotia, Quebec, and British Columbia. For the fresh
                     market the berries are harvested dry with machines that resemble blueberry
                     rakes. For the processing industry (mainly juice) the beds are flooded and
                     the berries are mechanically beaten. 


                                      Currants are a tiny berry related to the gooseberry
                                      and are black, red or white. The black ones are
                                      generally used for preserves, syrups and cassis
                                      liqueur, and the red and white berries for eating,
                                      jams, jellies, and sauces. Fresh currants are in
                                      season June through August. 

                     Also called "swamp blackberries," they are a type of blackberry with trailing
                     canes. They're bigger, earlier to ripen, and more flavorful than blackberries. 


                                      A deep purple and sour fruit of the elder tree,
                                      usually used to make jams, pies and wine. The
                                      flowers are edible and can be used in salads or
                                      batter-dipped and fried like fritters. 


                                      Gooseberries are large, tart berries which grow on
                                      bushes and come in green, white, red, and yellow
                                      varieties. Their skins can be smooth or fuzzy.
                                      They're found primarily in northern Europe.
                                      Gooseberries are in season in summer.
                                      Gooseberries are used for jams, jellies, pies, and
                                      gooseberry fool. 

                     A blue-black berry that resembles the blueberry, except having 10 small,
                     hard seeds in the center with a thicker skin and more "puckery" flavor.
                     Huckleberries are not cultivated, but grow wild June through August. They
                     are eaten plain or used in muffins and pies. 


                                      Also called saskatoon and serviceberry.
                                      Saskatoons have been a widely used native Prairie
                                      fruit crop. Commercial saskatoon berry production
                                      is a relatively new development. "Saskatoon" is
                                      after the Cree word "missakqhahtoomina" used for
                                      this large delicious purple berry. They are similar to
                                      blueberries. The berries contain 5 to 10 whitish
                     seeds and are ripe generally June-July. Juneberries are great in pies, jams,
                     and are used to make wine, also. Saskatoon berries were the most
                     important plant food used by the Blackfoot peoples of the prairies. The fruit
                     was used in ceremonies, and the plant had sacred significance. Summer
                     camps were moved to new picking locations, and berries were collected,
                     dried and used in making pemmican. Saskatoon berries are reddish-purple
                     to black, and are sweet and edible. The berries are an excellent source of
                     Vitamin C, manganese, magnesium, iron and a good source of calcium,
                     potassium, copper, and carotene. The content of protein, fat, and fiber is
                     higher than other fruits, because the edible seeds are also consumed. 

                     A cowberry. 


                                      The loganberry is a ruby red, blackberry-shaped
                                      berry. It's unclear whether it is its own species or a
                                      raspberry-blackberry hybrid, but it was discovered
                                      by California Judge Logan in the late 1800s.
                                      Available in June and July, the loganberry is juicy
                                      and sweetly tart, and turns purple-red when very
                                      ripe. Loganberries are used both cooked in jams
                     and preserves, and fresh. 



                                      Mulberry varieties come in black, red and white.
                                      The black is a purple/black, and is commonly found
                                      in Europe, the red in the eastern and southern
                                      United States, and the white in Asia. Mulberries
                                      look like blackberries in size and shape, and have a
                                      sweet-sour flavor. Unripe berries are inedibly sour.
                                      Mulberries are not commercially grown in the
                     United States but grow wild from Massachusetts to the Gulf states and as
                     far west as Nebraska. They are eaten raw or used in jams, jellies, desserts
                     and wine. 


                     A cross between a Youngberry and a loganberry with a sweet flavor,
                     resembling a large, elongated blackberry. It's grown on the west coast of the
                     U.S. and is used fresh and in jams and jellies. 


                                      The raspberry is one of the most highly flavored
                                      berry, and is composed of many connecting
                                      drupelets (individual sections of fruit, each with its
                                      own seed) surrounding a central core. There are
                                      three main varieties ­ black, golden and red.
                                      Raspberries are available from May through
                                      November. Raspberries are very fragile and are at
                     their best served fresh. They also make excellent jam. Raspberries can be
                     red, purple, black, and yellow (or amber). Raspberries were first cultivated in
                     England in the 16th century, then in America in the late 1700s. The berries
                     contain a fair amount of iron, potassium and vitamins A and C. 

                     Also called juneberries. 


                                      Strawberries are red, juicy and conically shaped,
                                      and are a member of the rose family. It has grown
                                      wild for centuries in both the Americas and Europe.
                                      The most common American variety is the result of
                                      centuries of crossbreeding of the wild Virginia
                                      strawberry and a Chilean variety. More flavorful,
                                      however, are European Alpine strawberries ­ the
                     tiny, sweet wild strawberries of France known as fraises des bois 
                     ("strawberries of the woods"). Strawberries vary in size, shape and color
                     (some are off-white or yellowish). The flavor of the smaller berries is better
                     than that of the larger varieties since the latter are often watery. Fresh
                     strawberries are available year-round, with the peak season from April to
                     June. Fresh strawberries are eaten plain or used in various desserts,
                     preserves, jams, jellies, and syrups. Strawberries are an excellent source of
                     vitamin C and also provide some potassium and iron. 


                                      A 1970's cross of the Oregon blackberry and
                                      Scottish red raspberry - named after the Scottish
                                      river Tay - the Tayberry is big and solid like
                                      blackberry, savoringly aromatic and luxuriously
                                      deep red like the raspberry. 

                     A black raspberry. 

                     A blackberry hybrid. 


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